Since the 1980s, global governance arrangements have been set up to reduce the rate of deforestation and forest degradation. These arrangements incorporate of a complex hybrid mix of international law, soft law, and non-government performance-based measures. The development within global environmental governance (GEG) on forestry forest governance, has seen a change its focus from logging to sustainability to climate change (see below). This has led to conflicts between an increasingly diverse group of stakeholders on the goals of forest governance should be and the most appropriate means to achieve them.
These are some of the projects connected to the area Forest Governance:
Monitoring Forests and the Effects of Forest Governance in a Changing Climate
The choice of monitoring systems that allow for the credible measurement, reporting and verification of forests and forest protection policies is a highly sensitive issue. This goes in particular for policies in the context of climate change, i.e. approaches to reduce carbon emissions from deforestation or to enhance carbon forest stocks. There are ongoing debates within and across disciplines about appropriate toolkits to measure not only the natural effects of such policies (for carbon stocks and biodiversity), but also their social and economic impacts, e.g. with regard to questions of justice and cost-effectiveness.
These controversies are spurred by a high degree of openness and inconclusiveness of global forestry governance: due to the absence of a global forestry regime, a patchwork of very different institutions have come to discuss and apply a plethora of monitoring approaches – ranging from international climate negotiations (UNFCCC, Kyoto Protocol) to multilateral development institutions (World Bank, UNDP) to public and private forestry institutions (International Tropical Timber Organization, Forest Stewardship Council).
To discuss the implications of this patchwork of approaches, the action group organized an international expert workshop on 7 May 2013 in Lund (‘NAVIGATING THE JUNGLE: Assessing the Diversity of Monitoring Approaches to Forest Carbon Stocks and Good Forest Governance’). The workshop included presentations by action group members and leading experts on remote sensing, modelling and social safeguards.
The insights gained from this workshop and further research findings of the group will be summarized in a journal article and will be further disseminated in exchanges with stakeholders and practitioners, including a BECC-sponsored side-event at the conference of the parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change in December 2014.
Contact: Fariborz Zelli, Fredrik Lagergren
Slicing and dicing deforestation: How different discourses shape the governing of rainforests to combat climate change
The overall aim of my thesis is to study: how are rainforests being governed to combat climate change through the mechanism of REDD+, in the context of the UNFCCC negotiations. I use discourse analysis to study how different actors ‘make sense’ of REDD+. This shapes which policies are pursued and which are not, and helps explain the underlying ideas and notion of REDD+ and how these change over time.
Contact: Tobias Dan Nielsen
Making the Forests Governable - Rationalities and Techniques of Government in the History of Swedish Forest Politics
Contact: Mikael Kylsäter
Sustainable Forest Management and Forest Certification in a Changing Climate
Contact: Jessica Coria