The European Union has perceived itself as a leader to curb global climate change. This necessitates that ambitious intra-EU policies are implemented by its member states to lend credibility to its claim. The lecture elucidates whether the EU governance system has an additional effect beyond what member countries would have undertaken in the absence of EU policies and whether the EU non-compliance system induces higher EU effectiveness.
The empirical focus are the measures taken by the EU and 14 of its members states to comply with their respective obligations under Kyoto Protocol for the period 2008-2012. Time-series cross-sectional analyses show that the more the EU launches infringement cases against member countries on climate change-related legislation, the lower the effect of the EU governance system will be. By contrast, a moderate use of flexible (or Kyoto) mechanisms mildly increases the degree of EU effectiveness, and moderate national pre-Kyoto policy ambitions on climate change mitigation strengthen EU effectiveness.
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