Defaunation in tropical forests – implications for people, biodiversity conservation and global approaches to forest governance
The use of forest cover as a proxy for measuring conservation success bears crucial implications and shortcomings: First, local and regional depletion of tropical forest fauna has severe effects on tree diversity and regeneration, which in turn affect forest resilience and potentially the capacity of tropical forests to store and sequester carbon (Bunker et al. 2005, Muller-Landau 2007, Jansen et al. 2010, Bello et al. 2015). Second, together with habitat loss, the unsustainable harvest of wildlife poses a serious threat to biodiversity as well as to people that depend on wild meat for food and income (Cardinale et al. 2012, Fa et al. 2015, Estrada et al. 2017). Third, the harvest and hunting of wild species is a crucial element of the culture and identity of any rural communities. For effective conservation of forests, we need to better understand what drives hunting behavior and how it is being currently governed at different levels (national to local) (Morsello et al. 2015, Constantino 2016, Fragoso et al. 2016). Fourth, implementing global forest carbon PES schemes, along with governing efforts for wild game conservation and hunting, may create social conflicts and inequalities on the ground, since some groups benefit more from payments and other rewards, while others are excluded from such benefits (Krause et al. 2013).
Thus, without accounting for these shortcomings of fauna conservation and hunting, and without sensibly building them into incentive-based PES schemes for forest conservation like REDD+, such mechanisms will be significantly limited in their environmental and social effectiveness.
With this workshop we want to achieve three goals:
- Feed-back of results from our BECC research group and fieldwork conducted in Nigeria in November 2016, present a draft paper
- Invite a range of high-profile and internationally recognized researchers to present their work and share their insights with us
- Develop a consortium for a new research funding application to continue our research on this topic, with a wider geographical scope and with the involvement of researchers from outside of Lund University, including University of Gothenburg, Umeå University, etc.
Program - preliminary
09:00 -09:30 Coffee and Welcome
09:30-09:45 Introduction to the workshop (Structure, questions for cross cutting discussion for the day) Questions (preliminary):
Current state, trends and challenges in forest and fauna conservation
What are scientific needs to guide an effective, holistic and equitable forest governance in the future?
09:45-10:15 Presentation of results from BECC research group “A place for primates? Implications of REDD+ on forest conservation in Cross River State, Nigeria”
10:15-10:45 tbd – results of work in Vietnam and Laos Andrew Tilker (Germany)
10:45-11:15 “The magnitude and implications of the bushmeat trade as a driver of local extinctions in the tri-border region of Colombia, Peru and Brazil” Maria Paula Quiceno (Colombia)
11:15 – 11:30 “Social-ecological impacts of Indonesia’s current forest management” Ellyn Kathalina Damayanti (Indonesia)
11:30 – 12:00 Q & A
12:00 – 13:00 Lunch
13:00 – 13:30 tbd WCS Nigeria - TBD
13:30 – 14:00 Human impacts on fauna within Indonesian forests, Yann Clough (Lund, Sweden)
14:00 – 14:45 Final discussion & Wrap-up
Send an e-mail to Torsten at Torsten [dot] Krause [at] lucsus [dot] lu [dot] se at the latest April 25th.
Please notice that there is a limitation of seats available.
If you have questions regarding the workshop- contact Torsten.
Bello, C., M. Galetti, M. A. Pizo, L. F. S. Magnago, M. F. Rocha, R. A. F. Lima, C. A. Peres, O. Ovaskainen, and P. Jordano. 2015. Defaunation affects carbon storage in tropical forests. Science Advances 1.
Bunker, D. E., F. DeClerck, J. C. Bradford, R. K. Colwell, I. Perfecto, O. L. Phillips, M. Sankaran, and S. Naeem. 2005. Species Loss and Aboveground Carbon Storage in a Tropical Forest. Science 310:1029-1031.
Cardinale, B. J., J. E. Duffy, A. Gonzalez, D. U. Hooper, C. Perrings, P. Venail, A. Narwani, G. M. Mace, D. Tilman, D. A. Wardle, A. P. Kinzig, G. C. Daily, M. Loreau, J. B. Grace, A. Larigauderie, D. S. Srivastava, and S. Naeem. 2012. Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature 486:59-67.
Constantino, P. d. A. L. 2016. Deforestation and hunting effects on wildlife across Amazonian indigenous lands. Ecology and Society 21.
Estrada, A., P. A. Garber, A. B. Rylands, C. Roos, E. Fernandez-Duque, A. Di Fiore, K. A.-I. Nekaris, V. Nijman, E. W. Heymann, J. E. Lambert, F. Rovero, C. Barelli, J. M. Setchell, T. R. Gillespie, R. A. Mittermeier, L. V. Arregoitia, M. de Guinea, S. Gouveia, R. Dobrovolski, S. Shanee, N. Shanee, S. A. Boyle, A. Fuentes, K. C. MacKinnon, K. R. Amato, A. L. S. Meyer, S. Wich, R. W. Sussman, R. Pan, I. Kone, and B. Li. 2017. Impending extinction crisis of the world’s primates: Why primates matter. Science Advances 3.
Fa, J. E., J. Olivero, M. Á. Farfán, A. L. Márquez, J. Duarte, J. Nackoney, A. Hall, J. Dupain, S. Seymour, P. J. Johnson, D. W. Macdonald, R. Real, and J. M. Vargas. 2015. Correlates of bushmeat in markets and depletion of wildlife. Conservation Biology 29:805-815.
Fragoso, J. M. V., T. Levi, L. F. B. Oliveira, J. B. Luzar, H. Overman, J. M. Read, and K. M. Silvius. 2016. Line Transect Surveys Underdetect Terrestrial Mammals: Implications for the Sustainability of Subsistence Hunting. PLoS ONE 11:e0152659.
Harris, N. L., S. Brown, S. C. Hagen, S. S. Saatchi, S. Petrova, W. Salas, M. C. Hansen, P. V. Potapov, and A. Lotsch. 2012. Baseline Map of Carbon Emissions from Deforestation in Tropical Regions. Science 336:1573-1576.
Jansen, P. A., H. C. Muller-Landau, and S. J. Wright. 2010. Bushmeat Hunting and Climate: An Indirect Link. Science 327:30-30.
Krause, T., W. Collen, and K. A. Nicholas. 2013. Evaluating Safeguards in a Conservation Incentive Program: Participation, Consent, and Benefit Sharing in Indigenous Communities of the Ecuadorian Amazon. Ecology and Society 18.
Morsello, C., B. Yag¸e, L. Beltreschi, N. van Vliet, C. Adams, T. Schor, M. P. Quiceno-Mesa, and D. Cruz. 2015. Cultural attitudes are stronger predictors of bushmeat consumption and preference than economic factors among urban Amazonians from Brazil and Colombia. Ecology and Society 20.
Muller-Landau, H. C. 2007. Predicting the Long-Term Effects of Hunting on Plant Species Composition and Diversity in Tropical Forests. Biotropica 39:372-384.
Nasi, R., A. Taber, and N. V. Vliet. 2011. Empty Forests, Empty Stomachs? Bushmeat and Livelihoods in the Congo and Amazon Basins. International Forestry Review 13:355-368.
van Vliet, N., M. P. Quiceno Mesa, D. Cruz-Antia, L. J. Neves de Aquino, J. Moreno, and R. Nasi. 2014. The uncovered volumes of bushmeat commercialized in the Amazonian trifrontier between Colombia, Peru & Brazil. 2014 3.