Biodiversity under Global Change
Climate change threatens biodiversity directly, but also indirectly through changes in land-use caused by attempts to mitigate or adapt to climate change. This calls for effective biodiversity conservation strategies on different scales.
The direct and indirect consequences of climate change may have compounding effects on biodiversity, such as habitat loss that limits species range shifts. A Grand Challenge is to develop a scientific basis for effective biodiversity conservation strategies across scales under global change. While protected areas are important for conservation, alternative options need to be considered when facing climate change, including mainstreaming biodiversity in production landscapes. This will require improved knowledge of how organisms respond to the combined effects of climate change and habitat deterioration or loss through responses such as range shifts, adapting or going extinct.
Closing these knowledge gaps would allow the development of cost-efficient, future-proof conservation strategies.
Listen to Maj Rundlöf, theme leader, as she gives examples of how she and her fellow researchers work in their daily life with Biodiversity under Global Change: